Report on experiences with the implementation of Circular Economy outside Europe

This report provides an overview of current R&I priorities in extra European countries, expressed in running and newly introduced funding and legislative measures with respect to Circular Economy. Chapter 1 introduces the methodology and the survey response; The survey results on the funding for CE are presented in Ch. 2 for European cooperation in an international context; for International organisations in Ch.3; in selected industrial Countries in Ch.4; in selected BRICS Countries in Ch.5; in selected developing Countries in Ch.6; Ch.7 presents the results on CE related activities including strategic eco-political positioning in the secondary materials supply sector that determine especially key technologies; Ch.8 presents selected examples of valuable experiences and lessons learnt. Data on 35 CE funding programmes and supporting measures from 3 European organisations, 6 international organisations and 30 countries were obtained. R&I programmes for CE in extra European countries overwhelmingly consist of national programmes with a volume of less than 1 million and duration of 4 years. The focus is on waste, water and chemicals, and on end-of-life phase, manufacture and second life. The major type of funding addresses technology & process optimisation, the most frequently beneficiary types are companies from water, waste and manufacturing sectors. The programmes are mostly addressing the highest Technology Readiness Level scaling (TLR 9) or referred to field pilots (TLR 5-6). Recently numerous legislations on CE have been promulgated around the world. It resulted of rewording or widening the approach of former strategies. Networks & clusters, industry, academia, administration, and civil society have been identified in most countries. Networks bring stakeholders along the life cycle together and seem to play a very significant role. The level of alignment with CE European definition is high in all industrial and BRICS countries apart from South Africa and in more than half of the developing countries considered. Ch.7 provides the results of the D1.3 attached report reviewing the most challenging technology developments in the secondary raw materials economy outside of Europe that influence and impact emerging technology sectors in Europe.